Training and Instruction

 

LESSON PLAN: MASLOW’S 


HIERARCHY OF NEEDS


TODAY’S OBJECTIVE:


THE STUDENT WILL BE ABLE TO DEMONSTRATE AN UNDERSTANDING OF MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS BY DESCRIBING IN AN ORAL DISCUSSION WITH A HIGH DEGREE OF ACCURACY, AS DETERMINED BY THE INSTRUCTOR, HOW TEACHERS AND SCHOOLS CAN HELP STUDENTS SATISFY NEEDS AT EACH LEVEL OF THE HIERARCHY. 

* * *


CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

 

FOCUS (ENGAGE STUDENTS SO THEY'LL BE INTELLECTUALLY OPEN TO LESSON.)


TELL STORY ABOUT A FIFTH GRADE BOY:

    MOTHER DIED, DAD HAD HEART ATTACK.
    LIVED WITH SISTER & ABUSIVE BROTHER-IN-LAW.
    ACTED OUT IN CLASS, CLASS CLOWN.
    KIDS MADE FUN OF HIM AND HIS CLOTHES.
    TEACHER DISLIKED THE BOY DUE TO BEHAVIOR ISSUES.

JUSTIFICATION

KNOWLEDGE OF MASLOW COULD HAVE HELPED BEHAVIOR ISSUES.

PROVISIONS FOR STUDENT PARTICIPATION

TAKE NOTES AS NEEDED.
BE READY TO ANSWER AN ORAL QUESTION OR TWO TOWARD THE END

* * *

LESSON


ABRAHAM MASLOW (died 1970)

HUMANIST PSYCHOLOGIST
FROM BROKEN BRAINS TO HUMAN POTENTIAL

HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS
SAFETY NEEDS                                                           
LOVE, AFFECTION, BELONGING
ESTEEM
  SELF
  OTHERS
SELF-ACTUALIZATION: BORN TO DO SOMETHING, A “CALLING.”

CAN NEVER COMPLETELY FORGET “LOWER” NEEDS.

SUMMARIZE ALL FIVE LEVELS


CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING


QUESTIONING TO TEACHER’S SATISFACTION. 


GUIDED PRACTICE


 VERBAL.  WHERE WAS THAT LITTLE FIFTH-GRADE BOY ON MASLOW’S HIERARCHY?  WHY?



CHECKING FOR MASTERY


VERBALLY CHECK OTHER LEVELS BY ASKING HOW WE CAN REINFORCE EACH LEVEL AS TEACHERS.


ENRICHMENT


ENCOURAGE STUDENTS TO READ ABRAHAM H. MASLOW, TOWARD A PSYCHOLOGY OF BEING, D. VAN NOSTRAND COMPANY, 1968, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 68-30757.


RETEACH


EXPLAIN INDUCTIVELY.  DESCRIBE EIGHT TO TEN SPECIFIC EXAMPLES THAT ILLUSTRATE EACH LEVEL AND HAVE STUDENTS SORT THEM BY LEVEL ON THE BOARD.   DISCUSS ANY DISAGREEMENTS AT LENGTH. 



INDEPENDENT PRACTICE


 ESSAY ASSIGNMENT.  GIVE STUDENTS HANDOUT WITH PRE-PREPARED ESSAY QUESTIONS. 


CLOSURE


PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS
SAFETY NEEDS                                                           
LOVE, AFFECTION, BELONGING
ESTEEM
  SELF
  OTHERS
SELF-ACTUALIZATION: BORN TO DO.  A “CALLING.”

* * *


MATERIALS/EQUIPMENT/HANDOUTS/


POSTERS/FILES

POWERPOINT & COMPUTER

POWERPOINT PROJECTOR SCREEN

PORTABLE MEDIA (E.G., ZIP DRIVE) WITH PRESENTATION STORED ON IT.

ESSAY ASSIGNMENT HANDOUT

“DRY ERASER” BOARD MARKER AND ERASER

* * *


RESOURCES


Coleman and Hammen, Contemporary Psychology and Effective Behavior, page 86-87, ISBN 0-673-07892-2

Abraham H. Maslow, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, Esalen Books, Viking Press, SBN 670-30853-6 hardbound, 670-00360-3 softbound.

 Abraham H. Maslow, Toward a Psychology of Being, D. Van Nostrand Company, 1968, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-30757. 

* * *


TEACHING TECHNIQUES


LECTURE

QUESTIONING

DISCUSSION